Judge Bulelwa Pakati has dealt with some of the unspeakably dark and grotesque crimes in a country renowned for the profound violence of such deeds.
In 2011 she heard the matter of S v Litsiki. The defendant was charged with the murder and rape of the corpse which he then allegedly robbed — the victim was his 61-year-old mother.
Identifying the “crisp issue” to be determined as “the identity of the perpetrator”, Pakati noted that despite the accused maintaining an alibi at the time of the crime, he was unable to account for the deceased’s blood on his shoes and jeans and a shoe print similar to his on the blood-soaked room floor.
In her judgment, Pakati noted that a “large amount of force was used … The severity of the head injuries sustained by the deceased was to the extent that the deceased could not have survived because of blood found in the airspaces… What is clear is that the accused continued to assault the deceased after her heart had stopped beating. This is evident from the medical evidence … The sexual act was also committed post mortem. The deceased was an elderly woman of 61 years and defenceless.”
In 2014 Pakati found for a warrant officer in the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) after he sued for damages following his arrest by military police and subsequent detention and torture by a senior SANDF officer. Pakati found that the general involved had also infringed on the plaintiff’s right to privacy and impugned his dignity, including when he was being visited by a medical doctor.
Pakati was permanently appointed to the Northern Cape Bench in 2012. She had spent the preceding decade as a senior magistrate (2002-2004) and regional magistrate (2004-2012). Her career in the magistracy stretches back to 1991, a year after she completed her LLB at the University of Transkei.
October 2017 Interview:
October 2017 – Interview Synopsis
The apparently Machiavellian hand of former Northern Cape President Judge Frans Kgomo, who retired earlier this year, dominated Judge Bulelwa Pakati’s almost two-hour-long interview.
Kgomo had written to the Judicial Service Commission (JSC) — as he had done before the April round of interviews to decide who would succeed him as the head of the court and also fill the deputy judge president position — making extremely critical remarks about Pakati.
Kgomo’s April intervention is believed to have led to the withdrawal of Judge Cecile Williams, a judge with a decade’s worth more experience than her competitor, Judge Violet Phatshoane, who was also in the running for the current vacancy. The commission decided to leave the deputy judge president position vacant at the time.
Kgomo’s letter went into great detail about Pakati’s shortcomings, including that the judge was someone who “can be very moody and aloof” and who has been “shown to make elementary but far-reaching mistakes”.
Pakati said she was “shocked” by Kgomo’s letter and in initially trying to respond to the allegations broke down, needing a few minutes to gather herself.
Later, as commissioners Sifiso Msomi (representing the attorneys’ profession) and member of parliament Julius Malema pushed Pakati on the nature of the letter and the possible motivation behind it, she revealed the severe divisions within the Northern Cape court — which, according to her version, appeared to be of Kgomo’s doing.
Pakati said that she had not applied for the position earlier this year because Kgomo had indicated he “had hunted” Phatshoane. “I did not apply in April because I knew that the JP [Kgomo] said this is the person he wanted, so I knew it was useless,” said Pakati.
Responding to Msomi’s question about whether there was a perception in the Northern Cape judiciary that Phatshoane was “the anointed one”, Pakati said she believed this was the case.
Kgomo had, according to Pakati, called her in April after Phatshoane’s unsuccessful interview for the JP and DJP positions. Pakati told the commission that the retired judge president had told her at the time that “Phatshoane shouldn’t worry, because even if she goes [out], her position will be secured [later]”.
Outside of the messy world of judicial politics, Pakati was asked questions about the “huge challenge” of how she would address gender representation on the Bench (increased acting appointments and mentoring), “tools” to facilitate case-flow management and the speedy delivery of judgments (“pressurising” judges “without” putting pressure on them), her opinion on whether the eleven South African languages should be used as the official language of record in courts (all eleven should be used, but English remains as the official language of record) and whether her experience in leadership positions as a magistrate should be considered as weighty enough for appointment (“yes”).